Cloud Security Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing cloud security and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • H

    hypervisor security

    Hypervisor security is the process of ensuring the hypervisor, the software that enables virtualization, is secure throughout its life cycle, including during development, implementation, provisioning, management and de-provisioning.

  • I

    information-centric security

    Information-centric security is an approach to information security paradigm that emphasizes the security of the information itself rather than the security of networks, applications, or even simply data.

  • M

    Microsoft Cloud Security Readiness Tool (CSRT)

    The Microsoft Cloud Security Readiness Tool (CSRT) is a survey that assesses the systems, processes and productivity of an IT environment in preparation for the adoption and secure use of cloud computing services.

  • S

    Security, Trust and Assurance Registry (STAR)

    The Security, Trust and Assurance Registry (STAR) is an online registry of cloud provider security controls.

  • Soc 1 (Service Organization Control 1)

    A Service Organization Control 1 or Soc 1 (pronounced "sock one") report is written documentation of the internal controls that are likely to be relevant to an audit of a customer’s financial statements.

  • Soc 2 (Service Organization Control 2)

    A Service Organization Control 2 (Soc 2) reports on various organizational controls related to security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality or privacy.

  • Soc 3 (Service Organization Control 3)

    A Service Organization Control 3 (Soc 3) report outlines information related to a service organization’s internal controls in security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality or privacy.

  • software-defined perimeter (SDP)

    Software-defined perimeter (SDP) is a security framework developed by the Cloud Security Alliance. All endpoints attempting to access a given infrastructure must be authenticated and authorized prior to entrance.

  • SSAE 16

    SSAE 16, also called Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements 16, is a regulation created by the Auditing Standards Board (ASB) of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) for redefining and updating how service companies report on compliance controls.

  • T

    Trusted Cloud Initiative

    The Trusted Cloud Initiative is a program of the Cloud Security Alliance industry group created to help cloud service providers develop industry-recommended, secure and interoperable identity, access and compliance management configurations and practices.

  • V

    virtual firewall

    A virtual firewall is a software appliance that controls communication between virtual machines (VMs) in a virtual environment.

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