Virtualization Definitions

  • A

    AV storm

    An AV storm is the performance degradation that occurs when antivirus software simultaneously scans multiple virtual machines (VMs) on a single physical host. 

  • B

    BIOS rootkit

    A BIOS-level rootkit is programming that exists in a system's memory hardware to enable remote administration. Because the rootkit lives in the computer’s BIOS (basic input/output system), it persists not only through attempts to reflash the BIOS but also through hard drive erasure or replacement.

  • BIOS rootkit attack

    A BIOS-level rootkit attack, also known as a persistent BIOS attack, is an exploit in which the BIOS is flashed (updated) with malicious code. A BIOS rootkit is programming that enables remote administration.

  • blue pill rootkit

    The blue pill rootkit is malware that executes as a hypervisor to gain control of computer resources. Joanna Rutkowska, a security researcher for Singapore-based IT security firm COSEINC, developed the Blue Pill rootkit as proof-of-concept malware, which she demonstrated at the 2006 Black Hat Briefings conference.

  • C

    Cloudburst VM escape

    Cloudburst VM (virtual machine) escape is an exploit method, credited to research firm Kostya Kortchinsky Immunity Inc., that takes advantage of IBM's Cloudburst cloud service provisioning software for cloud providers and a flaw in VMware Workstation to enable a guest-level virtual machine to attack its host.

  • H

    hypervisor security

    Hypervisor security is the process of ensuring the hypervisor, the software that enables virtualization, is secure throughout its life cycle, including during development, implementation, provisioning, management and de-provisioning.

  • V

    virtual firewall

    A virtual firewall is a software appliance that controls communication between virtual machines (VMs) in a virtual environment.

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